Farner, Gary Noble (1982) A competitive Analysis of the personal computer industry, S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1982.
Schreiber, Deborah F. (1983) The strategic evolution of the personal computer industry,  S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1983.
Cohen, Jeremy Michael(1988) Rapid change in the personal computer market : a quality-adjusted Hedonic Price Index 1976-1987,S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1988.
Kai,Hidetaka(1992) Competitive Strategy Under Standardization in the Personal Computer Industry and Its Influence on New Entrants, unpublished S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1992.
Toong, Hoo-min D., Gupta, Amar (1982) “Personal computers”,Scientific American, Dec. 1982, vol. 247, no.6: p. 86-107.
Einstein,Marcus E. AND Janes C. Franklin “Computer manufacturing enters a new era of growth,” Monthly Labor Review, September 1986
同論文のp.10のTable 1 “Domestic consumption of micro, mini, and mainframe computers,’ 1960-84″が役立つ
Bresnahan, Timothy F.; Stern, Scott; Trajtenberg, Manuel(1996) “Market segmentation and the sources of rents from innovation : personal computers in the late 1980’s” Working paper (Sloan School of Management) ; 3927., WP (International Center for Research on the Management of Technology) ; 154-96.Cambridge, MA : International Center for Research on the Management of Technology, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,64pp.
Augarten, Stan (1984) Bit by Bit: An Illustrated History of Computers , Ticknor & Fields.
Duetsch, Larry L.(2002) Industry studies, M E Sharpe Inc.,pp.322-323
Freiberger,Paul and Michael Swaine (1984) Fire in the Valley: The Making of the  Personal Computer, Osborne/McGraw-Hill.
Loebbecke,James K. and Miklos Vasarhely (1986)  Microcomputers , Irwin.
34. T. Modis and A. Debecker, “Innovation in the Computer Industry,”  Technological  Forecasting and Social Change, Vol.33 (1988), pp.267-278.
Owen W. Linzmayer (1998) Apple Confidential : The Real Story of Apple Computer, Inc.,p.99